Cite as https://mymun.com/ppdb/6442
The Delegation of Japan (日本国) - Position Paper for the United Nations Security Council Represented by Rayesha Ikram Hardono (Rijksuniversiteit Groningen)
I. New Modes of Warfare - International Supervision and Use of Modern Military Developments Japan strongly believes that although the capabilities of States and private entities to create newfangled technological developments in the military sphere, the international community is lacking a fundamental aspect, the Rule of Law and the regulation that can limit the use of these invention. Japan respects the sovereignty of States to further advance its technological might, as Japan is one of the largest technocratic States in the world. However, Japan is alarmed to the extent of the usage of these weapons and how we can limit the handling. Firstly, we would like to propose that the Council further assess regulating, limiting and to some extent banning weapons that go beyond the degree of proportionality and necessity. As State may recognize, International Humanitarian Law applies to new weaponry and its usage in warfare of new technological developments, as presented in Article 36 of Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Convention. In recent years modes of warfare have entered play, namely: Remote controlled weapons, Automated weapons system and Autonomous weapon systems. Japan proposes in creating a framework of surveillance and an international agreement to control States in the usage of the weapons mentioned. We are determined in creating a Jus in Bello or the regulation of the use of force as regards towards these weapons. As affirmed by previous case law of the International Court of Justice, in the Oil Platform Case (Iran v. USA), with regards to Self-defense, not only does Customary Law dictate the necessity of using force or weapons that can harm individuals, moreover the degree of proportionality and assessing whether or not the usage of weapon (e.g. Drones or the Use of Explosive Weapons in Densely Popu...