United Nations Environmental Program


ZhongWei Li

Cite as

Position Paper

COMMITTEE: United Nations Environmental Program

COUNTRY: The Kingdom of Norway

Topic B: The Use of Hydraulic Fracking

Background to Issue

Shale gas is poised to enter a golden age. With the shale boom, global natural gas resources are, estimated by the International Energy Agency to last over 250 years at present consumption.

However, production of shale gas via hydraulic fracking poses grave environmental concerns including large carbon footprint, depletion of water resources, air pollution, and contamination of surface and groundwater. This promising future can only be achieved if shale gas extraction via hydraulic fracking can be developed and performed profitably and in an environmentally acceptable manner.

If these challenges are managed properly, shale boom would bring numerous benefits in the form of energy diversity and supply security to the entire world. To achieve this, joint effort by policy-makers, regulators and operators are required in order to usher in...

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