High Level Political Forum for Sustainable Development


Gerald Ko

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Committee : High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development Topic : Food Security Country : Kazakhstan

 Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. In the years 2011-2013, an estimated 925 million people were suffering from chronic hunger. This represents 12.5% of the global population, or 1 in 8 people. Every day, 25,000 people and more than 10,000 children die of hunger and associated diseases around the world. To make things worse, it is propagated that in 2050, world’s population will reach a staggering 9 billion, and that is 2 billion more mouths to feed. But sheer population growth is not the only reason we will need more food. The spread of prosperity across the world, especially in China and India, is driving an increased demand for meat, eggs, and dairy, boosting pressure to grow more corn and soybeans to feed more cattle, pigs, and chickens. If these trends continue, the double whammy of population growth and richer diets will require us to roughly double the amount of crops we grow by 2050. Food distribution is not at its optimum level and a decrease in food production is also prevalent due to the degradation of our environment, climate change, natural and man-made disasters such as droughts and floods and many more.

 In Kazakhstan, prevalence of undernourishment in total population is approximately 5%, which accounts for approximately 800,000 people. Since 1990, the country has maintained the total number and proportion of undernourishment at less than 5% of our population. Over 80% of the country’s total area is classified as agricultural land, including almost 70% occupied by pasture. Arable land constitutes less than 10% of the country’s total land area, but its availability per inhabitant (1.5 hectares) is the second highest in the world after Australia (2.1 hectares). After the dissolution of the USSR in 1991, agriculture in Kazakhstan experienced a difficult transition from a planned to a market economy. A gradual recovery began in the early 2000s, followed by a rise in Kazakhstan’s total trade in agro-food products in the second half of that decade, when it became one of the world’s top grain exporters.

 Eradicating chronic hunger...

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