High Level Political Forum for Sustainable Development


Tran Hong Van
Viet Nam

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Proposition paper: Committee: High level Political Forum on sustainable development Topic: Food Security and Access to Energy Country: Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in Central Asia. A former Soviet Republic, the country gained independence in 1991 and has faced many difficulties in rebuilding its economy since then. More than two decades since independence, the country’s economy is still lagging behind many neighbouring countries. Currently, it is still one of the poorest countries in Central Asia and still facing many challenges, among those are severe food insecurity and energy shortage. Topic1: Food Security Like many other developing countries, Kyrgyzstan’s economy is heavily dependent on agriculture which takes of up one third of the country’s GDP and 65 % of its workforce. Despite the fact that agriculture is the main industry in the country, Kyrgyzstan still faces severe food shortage due to the various reasons as following. Firstly, due to its mountainous terrain (90% land of the country is 1000m or more obove the sea level) which is not favourable for cultivation, agriculture is very difficult. Secondly, the country is frequently plagued by continuous shocks (natural disasters such as earthquakes, mudslides and flooding) which results in the partial or complete loss of harvest. On top of those unfavourable natural conditions, the agriculture sector faces low productivity due to outdated agriculture equipment and lack of investment in this sector. Last but not least, the political instability which started in 2010 has halted any efforts to reform the economy. People were also displaced as a result of the war. It would take time before the country can gain back its balance and repair damage to the infrastructure and the livelihood of the people. For the above reasons, the country cannot provide enough food for its peop...

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