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Disarmament and International Security Committee

Topic 1 : Preventing proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

The year 1945 marked the beginning of a new era for the international relations. The appearance of the nuclear weapons changed the way of making war, a single bomb could create more damages than a conventional bombing with hundreds of bombers and thousands of tons of bombs. The cooperation between scientists and militaires opened the way to weapons with an almost unlimited destruction capacity.

Despite those consequences many countries tried to own nuclear weapons whether by buying material from other states or by creating their own nuclear programs. Switzerland choose the second solution and led during almost 20 years a military nuclear program. A nuclear capacity would have reinforced Switzerland's sovereignty and prevented other nuclear powers from disturbing its perpetual neutrality. The important costs, the lack of fissile materials and the increasing hostility to nuclear weapons in the public opinion ended the military program in the middle of the seventies. In 1977 Federal Council ratified the Nonproliferation Treaty and abandoned definitely the project of owning nuclear weapons. Since the ratification, Switzerland has always been promoting the nuclear disarmament and arsenals' reduction.

The end of the Cold War should have been the end of this nuclear era, or at least should have led to an important reduction of the nuclear arsenals. But it seem...

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