Disarmament and International Security Committee


Tan Wei Jun

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Tan Wei Jun Delegate of Belarus Position Paper Topic A: Missile Defense During the Cold War, the world was throw into a period filled with tensions and anxieties as the two superpowers, the US and the USSR sought to dramatically increase their offensive capabilities, especially in terms of their nuclear warheads and Inter-Continental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) tipped with nuclear warheads. Despite this intense arms race, the idea of mutually-assured destruction (MAD) where nuclear states have second-strike capabilities, prevented the actual use of such nuclear warheads and instead performed the role of nuclear deterrence, allowing nuclear states to hold sway over geopolitical affairs. However, it increasingly became clear that the development of a missile defense system that is capable of intercepting such ICBMs will empower states to have first-strike and second-strike capabilities over those that lack such missile defense systems. Realizing that this could lead to another arms race, the two superpowers signed the ABTM that limited each country to one missile defense site and also signed the START 1 that reduced the number of nuclear warheads and ICBMS. The rest of the world also joined in reducing tensions and promoting peace by coming together to sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, of which the Republic of Belarus is one of its signatories. Since the dissolution of the USSR, Belarus has always maintained close ties with Russia in all aspects. Despite having no nuclear capabilities or missile defense systems, Belarus has cooperated with Russia in holding j...

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