World Health Organization
New Zealand


Kelly Chen

Cite as

Topic A: The Universal Adoption of Immunization The problem of the adoption of immunization in the world is a controversy that is debated even today. The problems faced by New Zealand pertaining to the universal adoption of immunization falls mainly due to the following factors. The first, being the fear that parents have regarding vaccinations. Parents fear that vaccinations would have undesirable side-effects later in life. The second, a belief they share that vaccinations is unnecessary. The third, being the lack of knowledge and understanding of immunizations. Parents share the desire to keep their children healthy and free from harm, but differ in their knowledge of, and attitude towards, immunizations and the diseases it protects against. The fourth, a negative perception of health providers as health professionals have not stepped in much to advice the benefits of vaccinations to parents. The fifth, parents being unable to easily assess vaccinations as some parents may not be able to afford the high costs of certain vaccines. Lastly, the presence of anti-vaccination movements. As a result, changing immunisation behaviour will hence require a multi-faceted approach while reinforcing positive actions.

Measures that the New Zealand government have undertaken would be the fact that proper steps are taken so that the younger generation have protection against diseases such as measles or chicken pox, etc. Firstly, to allow New Zealanders have sufficient protection against diseases, the National Immunization Schedule is a series of vaccines offered free to babies, children, adolescents as well as adults. No fee is charged to the individual/parent/guardian for the immunizations that are on the National Immunization Schedule or high-risk programmes (or for completing the child’s Immunization Certificate), except for an administration fee for the tetanus-diphtheria boosters at ages 45 and 65 years. Non-resident children are eligible to receive funded Schedule vaccines, and providers may claim the immunization benefit for these children. Immunizations are provided at all times when the organisation or service is open. Immunizations are provided without the need for an appointment. The organisation is culturally appropriate (an example would be that all health workers are assessed as culturally competent, reflect the populations they serve and offer a range of health information resources...

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