Committee
Disarmament and International Security Committee
Country
Democratic Republic of the Congo

Author

Kyle Rapp
United States

Cite as https://mymun.com/ppdb/3776

Committee: Disarmament and International Security Committee Topic: Violent Non-State Actors Country: The Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), having a long history of confronting Violent Non-State Actors (VNSAs), understands how difficult this problem is. These entities, be they insurgent groups like the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), or international criminal organizations, pose a major threat to international peace and security. They exhibit various levels of territorial control and exert tremendous influence on civilian populations. They often engage in transnational economic and criminal activity and are willing to use violence against the legitimate state to further their aims. These autonomous and violent organizations are a major developing threat that the DRC believes that the Disarmament and International Security Committee is well positioned to address through coordinated action at the international and domestic levels. The Democratic Republic of the Congo has been confronting VNSAs with some success, including the ‘Movement of March 23’ (M23) group which was defeated in 2013. However, other groups including the Forces démocratiques pour la libération du Rwanda (FDLR), the ADF, the Forces de résistance patriotiques en Ituri (FRPI), and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), along with various local militia groups, continue to challenge state authority in eastern portions of the DRC. These VNSAs threaten civilian populations, frequently violate humanitarian law, and undermine state governance. Facing this array of VNSAs the DRC maintains a policy of close coordination ...