World Health Organization


Taylor Bontrager
United States

Cite as

The Republic of Columbia World Health Organization Topic A - Water Crisis: Waterborne Diseases and Sustainable Solutions

The Republic of Columbia believes that securing clean air and water for its people is one of our government’s duty, and the violation of these principle is an infringement of the basic human rights. Moreover, Article II in the Colombian Constitution vows to protect citizens for their life, honor, and property. In this context, we acknowledge the importance of combating waterborne diseases. UNICEF and WHO recorded that 90% of the world's drinking water and sanitation has improved, but the rest of the population of 2.4 billion people are still being affected today. This current status quo is threatening the survival of Columbia’s citizens and it affects the world as a whole. WHO reports that between 1990 and 2015, the access to improved sanitation increased from 67% to 82%. However, sanitation coverage in rural areas of the world lags behind and the “quality of water and sanitation services remains inadequate”. While a lack of healthy water infrastructure is not the primary cause of this water crisis, it is crucial to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal 6, which translates into ensuring access to clean water and sanitation for all. While the majority of the Columbian population has access to proper water sanitation, 12 million people (mostly in rural areas) still use rivers and streams as a source of water. Un...