World Conference on Women


Hana Bouhired

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Topic A : Women in Corporate and Electoral Governance

Cameroon gained independence from France and Britain in 1960 and remained a one-party state until the introduction of multipartism in 1992. The first multiparty elections, in 1992, were won by president Paul Biya. Biya was also declared the winner of the second presidential election in 1997, which was boycotted by the main opposition parties and marred by irregularities; international observers called them flawed and fraudulent. President Biya and his circle of advisors largely come from his own Beti ethnic group and his party, the Cameroon People’s Democratic Movement (CPDM). CPDM also dominates the National Assembly. A new Constitution was introduced in 1996, and the president subsequently amended it to give himself more control over legislation.

Women are increasingly challenging the traditional male monopoly of African politics. In Cameroon, campaigners have worked tirelessly to boost the chances of women standing in the country's pending elections

National and local elections can support women’s political participation in multiple ways, but specific measures may be required to overcome the bar...