Disarmament and International Security Committee


Michelle Lee

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Republic of Albania Position Paper Nuclear Non-proliferation in the Middle East (i) Background information The Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) is the most widely subscribed to arms control treaty in history, and aims to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to foster the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and to further the goal of disarmament. The Treaty came into effect on 5 March 1970 and establishes a safeguards system under the responsibility of the IAEA, which also plays a central role under the Treaty in areas of technology transfer for peaceful purposes. (ii) Albania’s stance and policies on nuclear energy and weapons Albania has been expressing an interest in constructing nuclear power plants on the face of its recent drought in 2012, which cut off power supply from the country’s hydroelectric power plants, Albania’s main source of electricity. Albania recognises both the boons and banes of using nuclear power plants; the delegate of Albania acknowledges that it is a clean source of energy, but is also aware of the risks of an occurrence similar to the one in Fukushima in 2011. Albania has also acceded to the NPT and other various treaties banning the possession of biological and chemical weapons. As of now, Albania is not in possession of any form of nuclear, chemical or biological weapons. (iii) Past UN actions In order ...