Committee
Security Council [University/College only]
Country
New Zealand

Author

Jeremy Sumang
Philippines

Cite as https://mymun.com/ppdb/3531

Committee: Security Council Country Represented: New Zealand Delegates: Johanna Marie Drece and Jeremy Sumang Topic: International Criminal Court (ICC) Reform

 Since its establishment, the International Criminal Court has been encountering challenges which hamper international relations in various ways. Judge Hans-Peter Kaul, the second Vice President of ICC, enumerated three main challenges which the court has been facing in its existence: the inefficiency of its administrative nature and its judicial work, the need for the court’s larger international recognition, and the need for the office of the prosecutor to develop “an effective body in prosecuting international crimes.” In addition, since the ICC began working into force through the Roman Statute, the court has opened eight cases all involving African countries. This has led to the notion that the court has bias towards Africa. This issue has been heavily dealt by the African Union with talks citing possible withdrawal of African nations from the court. Other issues like the universality of the court’s jurisdiction and the ambiguity of its criminal provisions have precariously affected the court’s authority and efficiency.

 When the Rome Statute was adopted to initiate the establishment of an International Criminal Court on 1 July 2002, New Zealand was one of the states that ratified the initiative a couple of years after. However, New Zealand has expressed some reservations in several articles of the Rome Statute when it was initially crafted. For instance, New Zealand noted that the scope of the war crimes stated in Article 8 of the Rome Statute did not make any reference ...