Committee
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Country
United States

Author

Lim Jia Rong
Singapore

Cite as https://mymun.com/ppdb/3522

NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION (NATO) THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Topic A: The Situation in Afghanistan

America’s involvement in the “graveyard of empires” has not been particularly successful. Indeed, with 1.6 trillion dollars expended[1] and over two thousand combat deaths[2] in the Afghan endeavour, results yielded have been less than ideal. The Afghan government is rife with corruption, endemic to the point of paralysing its administrative and judicial branches[3], while the Afghan populace as wary of the ANA (Afghan National Army) as they are of the Taliban due to a widening ethnic divide, a prevalence of extortion, kidnapping, sexual abuse and perceived incompetence[4]. In spite of relentless coalition efforts, the Taliban remains strong, operating with impunity in the Afghan hinterland while covertly infiltrating the Afghan military and civil service. Furthermore, with infrastructure, healthcare and the civil bureaucracy degraded to the point of non-existence outside of urban strongholds, popular support for President Karzai remains dismal, as is the control the central government is able to exert on its non-urban populace[5].

America has attempted to rectify these issues through the employment of various measures. Firstly, with American advisors sent to oversee the restructuring of the Afghan civil service, the Afghan administration has been able to somewhat effectively provide basic healthcare, sanitation, education and tax collection in population centres, urban and rural[6]. Secondly, American technical and infrastructural assistance to rebuild a war-torn Afghanistan has been largely successful in establishing modern transport and...