Special, Political, and Decolonization Commmittee
El Salvador


sandy Herhold

Cite as

Executive Summary Indigenous people make up for about 6.6% of the world’s population and therefore represent a significant number of people. The largest indigenous population can be found in countries throughout Latin- and South America. Indigenous peoples often suffer inequalities as well as various forms of discrimination. The interaction with indigenous people and sovereign countries is a very controversial topic and numerous nations are having difficulties in reaching a consensus. Therefore the Special Politics and Decolonization Committee of El Salvador carefully evaluated the country’s history of its indigenous people with the objective to identify a conscious approach and to determine measures that are both; effective and fair. El Salvadors seeks out to exploit this opportunity with a Supportive Approach, that acknowledges the human rights of indigenous people as well as proposes a concept that will help to define appropriate actions.

Introduction Minorities such as indigenous peoples are groups of people that are different from the majority of a society. By definition, they substantially differentiate from the global modern society in terms of preserving their original cultures and folkways of the respective regions they live in. Further they are often divided by ethnic, race, religion or culture. According to the the United Nations a total of more than 370 million indigenous people, consisting of 5,000 different groups and with a totality of 4,000 different languages are spread all over the world. Additionally, a unknown number of people that are described as uncontacted and unmarked cultures (UUC) with limited or no contact to the outside world needs to be taken in to account. Although the United Nations continuously attempts to support and protect minorities and especially indigenous peoples, these groups are still exposed to inequalities that become inter alia visible through a lack of acknowledgement and appreciation and by mean...