Special, Political, and Decolonization Commmittee


Saúl Jimenez

Cite as

The Plurinational State of Bolivia

Special Political and Decolonization Committee

Topic: Uncontacted Peoples


Uncontacted tribes have settled ways of life that are entirely self-sufficient and amazingly assorted. To give an example, some of the Brazilian tribes in the Amazon, use the resin from trees to make a fire to light their houses and to hunt at night. They can even build a house only from lianas, leaves and tree trunks. Another quite clear example of environmental-friendly “lifestyle” is the Indian tribespeople that makes traps to catch fish in the watercourses by their camps and build ladders up trees to harvest honey from bees’ nests. It is not a coincidence nor irony that the most diverse places on Earth are those that are referred as “homeland” by the Uncontacted Peoples. They are of vital importance to the ecosystems where they live, and to humankind’s diversity at all. Most of the tribes have had, in some point of time, any contact with the outside world, but they have refused to adhere to a modern and “civilized” way of living. This decision they have taken has placed them in a very complex situation. If we let them alone and by themselves as a point of respect for their rightful decision, they will become quite exposed to the violation of countless of their rights, and in the other hand, if we force them to have continuous contacts and interactions, we expose them to catastrophic health issues. A balance within these to alternatives should be looked after to reach multiple wide-ranged solutions to tackle the issue. What if, these so-called “lost” tribes, want to remain uncontacted? Tribes may have a neutral and balanced life in their undiscovered territories, disconnected of the globalized world we know nowadays, but sometimes this sustainable way of life gets disrupted by the path of industrialization triggered by the necessity of the human kind to extract natural resources. Sometimes leading to disastrous events such as “The Hug” that killed 4,500 people happened in August of 1910, when an effort by a Brazilian engineer to attract tribespeople of an isolated Brazilian tribe. The engineer spent months stocking a so-call...