Cite as

Country: Canada

Committee: United Nations Children's Fund

Topic: Children's Healthcare Access

UNICEF operates in over 130 countries and envisions for a health system that closes the gaps in the access to quality services, contributes to the Sustainable Development Goals and is resilient to emergencies. UNICEF’s previous healthcare strategy reached its goal concerning the survival of newborn children, and now we must help those children not only survive but also thrive and live a dignified life by promoting their health and development. Up to date, significant advances have been made; for instance, the global under-five mortality rate has dropped 53% since 1990, and the global maternal mortality has fallen by 44% over the same period - nonetheless, there is more potential for improvement. Malnutrition continues to be a threat to millions of children worldwide with 155 million children being stunted, 41 million children living with overweight and 52 million children under the age of five suffering from wasting. Moreover, arsenic contamination of water is accountable of 1.8 billion people globally using a source of drinking water contaminated with fecal waste. Likewise, the rural-urban division among health outcomes reflects in the 2.4 billion of people that lack access to essential sanitation services, such as toilets or latrines. On top of that, social norms generate gender-based violence and discrimination against adolescent girls and, the absence of resilience among health systems during emergencies is responsible for thousands of deaths that could be prevented.

There are several threats persecuting children worldwide; nevertheless, it is important to note that about two-thirds of child deaths are preventable through practical and low-cost interventions, which Canada believes should be part of the primary focus of this agenda. It is crucial to discuss measures to optimize the correct allocation of resources, given that the discussion about the interaction and support between developed and developing countries will provide fruitful approaches and is a fundamental step towards improving the health outcome of children worldwide. Furthermore, the needs for innovation...