Committee
Special, Political, and Decolonization Commmittee
Country
Austria

Author

Andres Diaz Mejia
Australia

Cite as https://mymun.com/ppdb/3335

United Nations General Assembly
Special, Political, and Decolonization Committee Country: Austria Representatives: Andres Diaz and Jake Silove

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Topic A: State building

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Particularly amidst the Third International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism,[1] it is of vital importance that international intervention in Statebuilding is assessed through application of previous attempts at reconstruction. Whilst this process is no longer focussed on non-self-governing territories, as the population under regimes to which this term applies has dropped by 99.7%,[2] a unified and comprehensive approach to Statebuilding (which constitutes of the components outlined below) will drastically increase the success rate of enhancing the capacity of failed, failing or fragile states.[3]

Austria takes this issue to be of notable significance, having been the recipients of substantial international Statebuilding efforts following the destruction of Austria’s population, whereby Vienna’s population dropped by 90%,[4] and economy. An example can be drawn from the Austrian interaction with Statebuilding: primarily by examining the substantial amount of financial aid offered to the broken nation, through the generosity of Great Britain, France, Italy and Czechoslovakia.[5] Considered the 12th most stable country,[6] Austria can take its place as an internationally active developed country when assessing matters of Statebuilding.

Security

Statebuilding efforts have unequivocally failed in situations where a nation state, and its civilians, have not been entirely free of organised violence and paramilitary action.[7] Whilst this description of a conflict-zone does not generally apply to non-self-governing territories,[8] the focus of this committee has shifted towards Statebuilding in conflict-zones. Security must be established for effective international intervention in Statebuilding to take place, the need for which can be characterised by a gross deviation from the Ghani, Carnahan and Lockhart definition of a sovereign state.[9] As per the definition, a legitimate monopoly on the means of violence is the foremost significant factor in the establishment of a successful sovereign state. As such, to move forward in Statebuilding without security will violate the accepted role of the State.

Rebuilding vital functions

Often, certain vital functions may take precedence over others in order to emphasise the dichotomy between the new state and long-standing rifts and tensions.[10] Inevitably, a system of Political, Administrative, economic and Judicial governance must be e...