World Conference on Women


Jessica Van Zwam

Cite as

Delegation: Angola Committee: World Conference on Women Topic A: Women in Corporate and Electoral Governance

In 2008, Angola held its first election since 1992 which resulted in 37% of seats being held by women, signalling a return to a democratic process. The ruling party post-2008 election, People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), won 191 seats, of which 77 were held by women. It is relevant to note that in late 2008, Angola ratified the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa and acceded to the UN Optional Protocol on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (Amnesty International USA 2008). Women now have the same rights as men to stand in elections and hold public office. Angola currently has a government legislated candidate quota, meaning that electoral law directs political parties to ensure that a certain proportion of their candidates are women. Post conflict settlements afforded the opportunity to incorporate special measures into party practices increasing women’s representation in a short period of time. The charter of political parties must include ‘rules which encourage the promotion of equa...