Social, Humanitarian, And Cultural Committee
United States of America


Betsy Britt-Higgs
United Kingdom

Cite as

Betsy Britt-Higgs, Suzanna Pozniak- United States of America 1:Rights of Indigenous peoples Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States. There are over 500 federally recognized tribes within the U.S., about half of which are associated with Indian reservations .According to the 2010 Census, 5.2 million people in the United States identified as American Indian and Alaska Native, either alone or in combination with one or more other races. Out of this total, 2.9 million people identified as American Indian and Alaska Native alone. The rights of these peoples have recently become protected by the OAS’ American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous peoples. This declaration protects and promotes the rights of indigenous peoples through affirming the right of self-determination, rights to education, health, self-government, culture, lands, territories and natural resources, and it includes provisions that address the particular situation of indigenous peoples in the Americas, including protections for those living in voluntary isolation and those affected by a state’s internal armed conflict.

The United States of America recognises that Native communities face high rates of heart disease and obesity, (it is the leading cause of death and Native Americans have a greater chance of developing diabetes than any other racial group in the US) and, and has made reforms to the Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR) to combat this issue. One of the first steps of this was for the FDPIR to become administered by tribal organisations and state agencies, in order to have make sure the needs of indigenous people were being met in the most effective way. Currently, the organisation (which provides food boxes to about 90,000 low-income households each month) is working to more effectively meet the needs of indigenous people through transitioning from the delivery box service to setting up food sites which resemble grocery stores, and include more staples of the native diet, such as wild rice. This is initiative is in place in the Cherokee nation of Northeastern Oklahoma where it serves about 11,000 indigenous peoples. The updated program gives people mo...