Ridho Al Aziz

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Topic A: Enhancing the Protection of Persons Fleeing Gender-Related Persecution

“Refugees are not terrorists. They are often the first victims of terrorism.” -António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres

Most of us argue that refugees do not deserve to be in other countries under misleading perceptions that they are terrorists yet in the reality they left their country unwillingly due to their threatened security. There are some problems that occur, first, the definition of refugee contained in the convention does not specifically name gender as one of the bases upon which protection can be granted. Second, The majority of world refugees are women. Women are forced to flee their country as refugees face continuing gender-related harassment including sexual harassment and rape. In the absence of a clear definition regarding these refugees, women appear to be discriminated, because rights and obligations are not differentiated.

When fleeing from violence, people seek protection in other countries, neverthless Netherlands. In 2015, when the war in Syria dominated the news and our work on a daily basis, it led to a record number of nearly sixty thousand asylum applications being submitted. Over the space of two years the Netherlands will receive around 7,000 of these 120,000 asylum seekers. And at the height of the refugee crisis in 2015, the Netherlands tookaround 60,0000 refugees. We cannot resist the number of refugees who will enter other countries that are more stable than their country, therefore we must be prepared to accommodate them.

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