UN HABITAT (Intercon)


Andrew Thomson
United Kingdom

Cite as

Pimun 2019 UN Habitat, Increase Water-use Efficiency, China position paper

Efficiency of water-use, which can be defined as the ratio of the volume of water used productively (Stanhill, 1986) is of massive importance in the international community and is rightfully being brought to the forefront of debate here. Efficient use of the water supply throughout manufacturing, agricultural and energy sectors is a key requirement for the international community. These three sectors have been found to make up over 85% of all water usage in Europe (European Environmental Agency, 2018) it is clear that in order for the countries of the UN to sustainably go forward as populations rise and stresses on these key sectors increase, the issue of efficiency must be discussed as water sustainability and efficiency is the key to the future of food and agriculture (OECD, 2019).

China itself is a nation of great manufacturing ability since 2011 it has been the worlds largest manufacturing nation (Trading economics, 2019), this manufacturing power of course means that water usage is high, agriculture and specifically irrigation is another absolutely key part of China in regard to food security and alleviation of poverty (Jin, 2001). This makes finding a joint global solution for increasing water use efficiency through UN policy massively beneficial for China as well as the rest of the world, particularly those within water scarce areas and cities such as Beijing. Furthermore, China has been mobile on the various issues of water including the efficiency of use, bringing in forward-thinking legislation in the past such as the 2002 water law (National peoples committee, 2002) , China at the Un General assembly of March 23rd 2018 also showcased their six water policies, the second of which being to increase the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of water use and implement a nationwide plan to save water. It is clear to see that China is in complete agreement and is mobilising to deliver the UN’s 2013 Agenda for Sustainable Development with Chinese ambassador to the United Nations Ma Zhaoxu stating that “China is ready to further deepen cooperation with the international community to promote the implementation of the 2030 Agenda and the building of a community with a shared future for humanity…” (Zhaoxu, 2018).

Thus the position of China is that it as a nation will help to further the progression of finding sustainable efficient methods of using water, one such example of innovative metho...