SOCHUM (ENG - Intermediary)


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Committee: SOCHUM

Country: India

Topic A: The protection of the rights of religious minorities

Delegate: Lucie RYCHTARIK – University Jean Moulin Lyon 3

How used to say Gandhi “Life without religion is a life without principle, and a life without principle is like a ship without a rudder”. This quotation reveals the fundamental importance of religion and our country is a clear illustration of that importance. In India, the very large majority of citizens are religious, and this fact can easily explain why there is not a state religion officially recognize, but many of them. Indeed, religions have been multiplicated thanks to religious people, who are more and more numerous, to represent more efficiently their beliefs. Nowadays, India recognizes several religions as Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism… just as many religions respected and peacefully practiced. In the Indian constitution, the right to freedom of Religion is recognized as a fundamental right; articles 25, 26, 27 and 28 are all about this human right essential to a respectful society.

The delegation of India wishes to reaffirm during this committee its perpetual commitment to freedom of religion, which is directly linked to the protection of the rights of religious minorities. At this point, it is important to mention that Hinduism is the most practiced religion in the country; almost 75% of the population identifying themselves as Hindus, while 15% of the population follow Islam and the remaining 10% adhere to other religions, as Sikhism, Buddhism or Jainism... Numbers are clear, nobody can deny that there is a religious majority which assemble almost 75% of the population.

But it is necessary to clarify that this religious majority should not be seen as a threat to the right to freedom of religion. There is certainly a religious majority in India but this one does not p...