Cite as

Country: Italy

Topic: Addressing Issues of Mental Health in Areas of Conflict

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression have become a prominent consequence of mental health issues in the conflicted area. This was due to the terrible things phenomenon such as witnessing extreme violence, terrorist attacks, kidnappings, natural disaster, and forced migration. The data shows that 34.1% of the Palestinian children have been diagnosed PTSD and there are 100 million Africans suffer from other mental illness[1]. The study also found that 15% of former fighters in the conflicted area are four times more likely to suffer from mental disorder than the general population, and ex-combatants are two times more likely to be affected than civilian war survivors[2]. As a result, depression and anxiety has created a $1 trillion downward in the global economy [3]. Mental health issues also contribute to the complexity of the problem such as the dysfunction of society on rebuilding social capital after the war because of the boundary to contribute and participate.

Italy has made contributions to combatting mental health issues. Through the Italian National Health Service, Department of Mental Health (DMH) is responsible for specialist mental health care in the community. [4]Italy also has contributed €1,000,000 million through the Italian Agency for Development Corporation to support the provision of physical and mental health rehabilitation services for the conflict-affected population from Ninewa Governorate[5]. Beside that Italy has nearly eight psychiatrists, 20 nurses, two social workers and less than 3 psychologists per 100,000 population for coping with the stressful situations implied in peacekeeping m...