United Nations Human Rights Council


Muhammad Daneswara

Cite as

Position Paper for the United Nations Human Rights Councils

Delegate of the Republic of Iraq

Topic: Protecting and Promoting the Freedom of Expression in the Cyberspace

            The Rights of Expression is one of the most fundamental of human rights, already enshrined and protected on internationally acclaimed Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966 and many other international treaties on Human Rights. These Rights protected the freedom of Individual to express themselves on various medium, whether through speeches or through writing on Newspaper or other media.  While this has become a hallmark of a nation Freedom, this has raised new questions especially about the role of Individual on the digital space. In the ICCPR article 20, the incitement of violence and hatred is prohibited but at the same time, various countries efforts in reducing and limiting the content have been said as anti-democracy and violating individual freedom of expression when in truths they are not.

            While the prevalence of the Internet has created a quick and easy way to communicate and express individuals opinions on the digital space, this has also created an opportunity for individuals and groups to spread disinformation, spread hatred and even incite violence. While the action can range from anything from playful hoaxes in the social media to belligerent propaganda or incitement to violence on the website, the states need to make sure to create a classification and filtering the content of the media to ensure that it does not have a negative effect on their society.[1] For example in Iraq, the guidelines for media and internet are created in line with the rise of ISIS in the middle east and spreading their ideologies. The roles of ISP or Internet Service Providers are also crucial in this as state cooperates with them to take down the said content.

The delegate of Iraq believes that cooperation with the ISP is crucial to ensure that the effort to reduce the negative content is pinpoint and not contradicting an...