Council of the EU


Lolita Agastya

Cite as

Committee     : The Council of the EU

Topic               : Developing European Neighborhood Policy and Pre-accession Assistance

Countries       : Germany                

Delegate         : Lolita Agastya, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

With the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP), the EU is redefining its geopolitical interests as well as the relationship toward its new neighboring countries. Through its communication “A Larger Europe – Neighborhood”, the European Commission created a new framework for EU relationships with its Eastern and Southern neighbors in March 2003. By implementing the Action Plans, the Eastern European neighbors could greatly improve their prospects of EU accession. Even though in principle, these Action Plans will vary greatly from country to country, contained within them are all the elements needed for accession.[1] These Action Plans as well as partially existing partnerships and cooperation accords the existing agreements to cooperate for future partnerships.

Germany’s economic and political strength, which has proven relatively resilient to the financial and economic crises in Europe,  has put the country in a default leadership position on many ENP-related aspects which it had left to EU member states for example Poland, Sweden, France, Italy, and the European Commission in previous years.[2] In the recent circumstances of a more politicized and crisis-driven era, Germany has engaged more visibly in the conceptional ENP review, and reinforced bilateral humanitarian assistance and dialogue in the Eastern and Southern neighborhood. Furthermore, together with France, Germany has taken on a leading position in the crisis management with Russia and Ukraine.

The Council's roles in the ENP are identifying priorities and supporting the implementation in partner co...