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Committee: World Trade Organization

Country: Federal Republic of Germany

Delegate: Maria Gili Coma, Pompeu Fabra University

Topic A: Identifying and Enforcing the Obligations of Former Colonial Empires towards Former Colonies

The occupation of other countries’ territories by exercising military and political control and forcing economical exploitation is a sorrowful reality marking our history. Colonialism was actively encouraged up to the end of World War II. The decolonisation period began in the second half of the 20th century and lasts until today, as the UN declared the period 2011–2020 the Third International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism. Nowadays, traditional colonialism is residual although former colonizers are still economically benefiting from colonies due to the previous imposition of mercantilist and protectionist policies.

When the United Nations was created in 1945 there were still 750 Million people living under colonialist control. The Charter of the United Nations includes, in Chapter XI, provisions calling for recognition of the rights of colonized territories by its Member States. Further, in Chapter XII, it creates the international Trusteeship System established to help ensure that non-self-governing territories were administered in the best interests of their inhabitants and for a progressive development towards self-government or independence. The first evidence on lawfully established colonialism occurred with the Berlin Conference of 1884, which was organized by the first Chancellor of Germany, Otto von Bismarck and formalized the acquisition of colonies through the principle of effecti...

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