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TOPIC A: Sustainable Uses for Nuclear Energy

Nuclear energy is key to the development of the modern era, and the achievement of global energy security as well as climate change mitigation. The concept of sustainable development is no longer a debating point but a point of departure, with governments putting efforts on the global energy challenge that is to meet the potentially vast demands of the next century, while maintaining a healthy environment. It is important to highlight the work done on the 2014 UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change as well as the Paris Agreement at the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which had the aim to prevent the increase of the global temperature.

As a matter of fact, Canada’s nuclear future is clean, competitive and able to provide power to much needed communities while contributing in the fight against climate change. The country has been a world leader in nuclear energy since the development of Canada’s own CANDU reactor technology by Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. in 1952, and they have since been exported to countries such as India, Pakistan, South Korea, and China. Because of the technology that it uses, the nuclear reactor fleet provides clean, affordable and low-carbon energy. Nuclear power in Canada is provided by 19 commercial reactors, which accounted for 15% of the country's total electric energy generated in 2015. Canada is also known for underground mining and exporting uranium globally, which together with the nuclear reactor technology have, over the last 30 years, contributed globally to the avoidance of at least a billion tonnes of CO2.

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