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Committee: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

Delegation: India

Topic: Nuclear Security and Safety

The objective of the International Atomic Energy Agency is to accelerate and enlarge the contribution of atomic energy to peace, health and prosperity throughout the world. Thus, its role is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and ensure that technology is made available for peaceful purposes. Nuclear Security and Safety has built upon conventions such as the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM) and its Amendment, resolutions such as the 1373 and 1540 UNSC, and guidance provided by the IAEA such as the IAEA’s Nuclear Security Series (NSS).

The objective of a State’s nuclear security regime is to protect citizens (…) from harmful consequences of a nuclear security event (NSS No. 20), where nuclear security is the responsibility of each individual State. In the International Conference on Nuclear Security held in Vienna 2016, consensus was reached on (i) enhancing nuclear security regimes, (ii) promoting international cooperation (knowledge transfer and assistance), (iii) tackling new cyber-terrorism related threats, and (iv) combating illicit trafficking of nuclear materials. In the line of enhancing nuclear security regimes, NSS No. 34-T was issued in 2019 and offered state-based measures as well as grounds for international cooperation. State-based actions aimed to...

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