Security Council


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Topic 1: Yemen: Rethinking Approaches to Reaching Political Stability

China is playing a supportive role in international efforts to propel Yemen’s peace process. The Chinese government has backed the political transition process led by the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) as well as the peace talks brokered by the United Nations.

Beijing, in part due to economical and political interests, respects Saudi security interests in Yemen and has expressed support for President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi’s government, which it called “the legitimate regime of Yemen.”[1]


In 2011, China was part of the Group of Ten, involved in Yemen’s transition process.

Beijing also endorsed the agreements reached in 2014 at the comprehensive National Dialogue Conference, which included the new draft constitution, electoral reform, and plans for timely general elections. The National Dialogue addressed a range of issues facing the country, including southern secessionism, federalism, economic and social development, and human rights.


In September 2014, the Houthis seized government institutions in Sanaa. The month following the placement of President Hadi under house arrest after the Houthis overran the presidential palace in 2015, China voted in favor of Security Council Resolution 2201, which called for the Houthis to immediately and unconditionally withdraw forces from government institutions in Sanaa and abide by the GCC Initiative and National Dialogue outcomes. The Houthis, who allied with former President Saleh, ignored these demands. On March 25, 2015, Saudi Arabia and a group of Arab states began airstrikes agains...