Economic and Social Council


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A) The Framework of operational guidelines on United Nations support to South-South and triangular cooperation defines South-South cooperation (SSC) to be “a process whereby two or more developing countries pursue their individual and/or shared national capacity development objectives through exchanges of knowledge, skills, resources and technical know-how. Thus, South-South cooperation is not a substitute for, but rather a complement to, North-South cooperation”. In addition to that, Triangular co-operation today includes not only governments and international organizations; civil society organizations, the private sector, philanthropy, sub-national actors and academia are also increasingly partnering in trilateral initiatives. This increases the effectiveness of triangular co-operation, since all partners share their expertise and context-specific knowledge, thus encouraging innovation and co-creation that eventually lead to mutual benefits. As a core group member of the Global Partnership (GPI) on Effective Triangular Co-operation, the OECD has made substantial contrib...

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