Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee


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There were 281 climate-related and geophysical events recorded in the International Disaster Database in 2018. These caused deaths of 10 733 people and affected 61 million people across the world. There were a number of major disasters in certain regions, however, there were no mega-disasters which inflate yearly averages, such as the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. Earthquakes and tsunamis accounted for the majority of the 10 373 lives lost.

3 Risks of disasters caused by natural hazards

The UN has classified natural disasters caused by natural hazards into three categories. This classification provides an excellent foundation for a systematic examination of the risks of disasters caused by natural hazards. In the table below, natural hazard risks have been categorised following the UN classification ...