Committee
High School ECOSOC Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice - A
Country
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Author

Cite as https://mymun.com/ppdb/15620

ECOSOC Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice- A
Topic: Restorative Justice in Criminal Matters
Country: The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Delegate: Alexandra Andrea Castro Silva
Delegation: Colegio Humboldt

 

“It is widely acknowledged in various UN documents that crime prevention and criminal justice systems, in full respect of the rule of law concept, play an essential role in promoting sustainable development and stability world-wide. (…) We stay committed to fair, just and humane criminal justice systems, which we find crucial for good governance”

–Ms. Dragana Kiprijanovska (former Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Macedonia)

Topic Background

While most current legal system are centered in punishing the people who break the law, restorative justice is based on the problem itself, how the crime affected the victim and what the offender could do to take the responsibility for his/her actions in order to prevent reoccurrence of crimes and reintegrate both the victim and the offender into society without the stigma of the judicial system. Furthermore, the review of individual cases, where offenders express their motives, can lead to the understanding of trends that can then be used as a basis for preventive measures.

While the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime found an overall decline in intentional homicide rate between 2009 and 2015 and that rates of crime in general have declined for that period of time, the prison population between 2000 and 2015 increased by almost 20 per cent and the number of women and girls in prison worldwide increased by 53 per cent between 2000 and 2017 (Global prison trends 2018). This inverse relationship between crime and incarceration serves as evidence that our judicial system is not working as it should. The belief that higher rates of ...