High School ECOSOC Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice - B


Jinwoo Know
Korea, Republic of

Cite as

             The UN Declaration of Human Rights states that ‘All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law.’ This fundamental right was agreed upon in 1948, yet remains a challenge to consistently uphold across the world due to government corruption and criminal injustice. There is an absence of awareness regarding the rule of law in many parts of the world, particularly in rural regions of developing countries. There is a lack of transparency in government activity in both developed and developing countries, where citizens are being excluded and are sometimes ignored and prejudiced by their own nation’s government. Such problems are not only violating citizens of their basic human rights but are also contributing to the potential retrogression of modern democracy. As such, the UN has recognized the need for action and included SDG #16 in the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda.

             Many local and global organizations, including the UN, are working to fix this problem, and have identified the root cause as ignorance of the rule of law. On July 2nd, 2018, the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) stated that the promotion of rule of law is essential for sustainable development and the full realization of all human rights and fundamental freedoms stated in the UN Declaration of Human Rights. In their statement, they included crime prevention and criminal justice mechanisms in the definition o...