High School General Assembly Plenary


Andres Nieva Montero
Bolivia, Plurinational State of

Cite as

Name: Andres Nieva Montero

Delegation: Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of

Educational institute: Colegio Aleman Federico Froebel

Committee: High School General Assembly Plenary

The responsibility to protect and the Prevention of Genocide, War Crimes, Ethnic Cleansing, and Crimes against Humanity.


Past the millions of losses in different international conflicts, particularly after the World War II, the international community found the necessity and duty to legally establish the responsibility of all states to protect their populations from atrocity crimes, as stated in the Genocide Convention, the Geneva Conventions and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, because of the compelling imperative of preserving human life and in order to contribute to national, regional and international peace and stability. Such responsibility was reinforced by the initiative of Responsibility to Protect (RtoP), founded on the ICISS 2001 report and articulated in the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document[1] (A/RES/60/1), which provided a different focus: Prevention.


Since then, the many internal conflicts that have arisen; the decrease of the general peace and stability[2]; and the increase of human rights violations, have shown the international community the relevance of the issue and the need to ensure the implementation of measures in order to succeed in the protection of populations and their core dignity. For which the past Secretary General formulated a report in 2009 (A/63/677) that established the 3 main pillars of RtoP and was followed by many resolutions on the prevention of genocide; such as A/67/929–S/2013/399, A/HRC/RES/7/25 and