University General Assembly Sixth Committee


Dylan Richard Williams
South Africa

Cite as

Committee: General Assembly Sixth Committee

Topic: Measures to Eliminate Terrorism

Country: Austria

University: Stellenbosch University

Terrorism is the continuous act of violence by individuals, organisations or state actors for ideological, criminal or political reasons [1]. These acts of violence create a sense of unease and anxiety amongst citizens as the direct targets of these acts are innocent civilians either chosen from a certain population group, chosen at random or simply those who find themselves in the wrong place at the wrong time. Today terrorism is one of the most serious threats to peace around the globe as terrorist acts can occur at any moment anywhere across the world [2]. The UN recognises that major terrorist groups such as ISIL, the Al-Nusrah Front, and AL-Qaida and their affiliated terrorist organisations, who are located in the Middle East, recruit individuals from around the world and eventually these individuals return to their country of origin to carry out terrorist acts. Regions most affected by terrorist attacks and terrorist organisations are Europe, North America and the Middle East. Thus, terrorism is a serious concern for Austria as it is located in Europe, a prominent trading partner of the USA and takes in substantial amounts of refugees from the Middle East, 9736 in 2017 alone [3].

The amount of resolutions passed by the various UN Bodies with regards to terrorism has grown substantially over the past few years, with 8 resolutions pertaining to terrorism being passed by the Security Council alone during 2017. One of those resolutions, Resolution 2396, was passed at the 8148th meeting of the Security Council on 21 December 2017 and it reaffirmed that “terrorism in a...